Language unit 8 lớp 11

     

Hoi An was officially born in the second half of the 16th century, under the Le Dynasty, but it was not until 1570 that the economy of this region was developed. Foreign trade was expanded & Hoi An thành phố became the busiest economic exchange center, the largest urban - commercial port of international stature in Southeast Asia at that time. During its prosperity, especially in the first half of the 17th century, this land was a trading convergence welcoming ships from all over the world, from Southeast Asia khổng lồ Europe. Many foreign nationals, especially Chinese & Japanese, have been allowed to lớn stay and set up streets, xuất hiện shops, and live with their own customs.

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Due to changes in the country & the world, the role of Hoi An Vietnam gradually disappeared from the over of the 19th century, but thanks lớn that, this place has been preserved relatively intact to lớn this day. You can still find in this ancient land the relics of the harbors, old town, houses combined with shops, family worshiping works, temples, shrines, the assembly halls, tombs and a bridge named japan Bridge. The richness of Hoi An architecture, with the unique lifestyle & customs here are like a mirror reflecting a long journey of cultural interference, integration and acculturation.

The existence of an intact ancient city lượt thích this is chất lượng not only in Vietnam, but also rare in the world, considered a living museum of the architecture and urban lifestyle of the past. The streetscape is covered by an ancient mossy color, creating a quality nuance for Hoi An culture, which is both national và indigenous, và has a balance between endogenous & exogenous factors. In addition to the diverse architectural values, this place also preserves many intangible cultural activities, with festivals being promoted along with traditional craft villages, culinary dishes, and so on. That's why Hoi An heritage was recognized at the world màn chơi by UNESCO in 1999.

II - A quick Hoi An Vietnam travel guide

1 - vị trí cao nhất attractions on Hoi An tourism map

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Source:Howard Mitchell

Here below are vị trí cao nhất most famous tourist attractions in Hoi An that tourists should not miss out:

Hoi An Ancient Town

After many ups & downs of history, Hoi An old quarter still retains the traditional architectural beauty of houses, quietly mossy in each tile roof, brick, tree line, & so on. The most common here are the narrow but deep one or two-story tubular houses, made from materials with high strength và durability due khổng lồ the harsh climate of the central region. Each house in Hoi An ensures the harmony between living space & nature, with a courtyard paved with stones và decorated with small lakes, kém chất lượng mountains & ornamental plants.

Streets here are arranged horizontally along a chessboard style with beautiful and short streets, along with the peaceful và winding Hoai river. Every night, colorful lanterns hanging around every corner of Hoi An Vietnam ancient town are lit up, reflecting on the sparkling immense water. Weaving through each of those streets, you will xuất hiện a window khổng lồ have a glance at the peaceful and simple daily life of the locals. Hoi An architecture is very rich và beautiful, so this place has been and will always be a special attraction khổng lồ domestic & foreign tourists lớn explore and enjoy their vacation.

- Bridge Pagoda - an iconic Japanese-covered bridge

Walking in the Hoi An old quarter, you cannot miss the chance to check out the famous ancient works, which are the result of the exchange & acculturation of many different cultures that were present here. The most prominent is the Bridge Pagoda - an invaluable asset that has officially been selected as the symbol of Hoi An Vietnam. This was originally an architectural work built by Japanese merchants, who came lớn trade, then stayed and lived in this famous Southeast Asian trading port in the middle of the 16th century. Due to lớn natural disasters and wars, this Japanese pagoda in Hoi An ancient town has undergone many restorations & gradually lost their old architectural elements, replaced with Vietnamese & Chinese features.

Crossing the creek leading khổng lồ Hoai river, Bridge Pagoda is made of wooden planks with a roof, curved in the middle và carved with many delicate motifs. On its side is a small temple worshiping Bac De Tran Vu, the god controlling winds và floods, showing the ancients’ implication in building this bridge was to lớn protect peaceful life from sea monsters.

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- Religious works in Hoi An Vietnam:

Hoi An ancient town is also home to many other temples, such as Ong Pagoda, built in 1653, after 6 times of restoration, it still retains its majestic and majestic architecture. Quan tiền Am Minh Huong is the only remaining Buddhist temple in the old town, with beautiful architecture and landscape, still preserving almost intact wooden sculptures made by Kim Bong carpentry artisans. In addition, there is an ancestor hall of the Tran family, which is also a famous place of worship for the people of Hoi An & the surrounding area, built in 1802 according to lớn traditional feng shui principles.

- Ancient houses:

In addition, there are some other destinations on the Hoi An tourism bản đồ that you cannot ignore when walking around, which are the ancient houses. Dating back more than 150 years, quan liêu Thang ancient house is one of the most beautiful and still intact, with vivid and delicate wood carving. Rã Ky ancient house, built nearly 200 years ago, has the typical tubular architecture of houses in Hoi An Vietnam with many compartments. Meanwhile, Phung Hung ancient house is over 100 years old, distinguished by its unique structure representing the exchange between architectural styles. These two houses were granted national historical - cultural status in 1990 & 1993, respectively.

- Assembly halls:

Some other works often introduced in each Hoi An travel guide are the ancient assembly halls, mostly built by the Chinese who came here lớn settle. The first khổng lồ mention, arguably the most brilliant, is the Fujian Assembly Hall built over 300 years ago, granted national historical - cultural relic status in 1990. Trieu Chau Assembly Hall, built in 1845, is of special value with its intricately carved wooden frame and beautiful porcelain embossed works. Built in 1885, the Cantonese Assembly Hall used wood & stones in its structure and motifs, bringing its own majestic beauty.

My Son Sanctuary

Belonging khổng lồ Duy Phu commune of Duy Xuyen district, My Son sanctuaryis about 40km from the đô thị - making this one of the đứng top day trips from Hoi An Vietnam. This was once the most important central Hindu holy place of the Champa kingdom, built from the 7th to lớn the 13th centuries and discovered by a French scholar called M.C Paris in 1898. Hidden in the heart of the valley và sheltered by 2 majestic mountains, this area has a diameter of about 2km with more than 70 brick and stone structures.

One of the most chất lượng features in Cham tower architecture is that it does not use any adhesives in construction. The bricks were fired & cut into blocks, then cleverly stacked, and carved directly by the hand of artisans at the time. Over the centuries, the My Son sanctuary in Hoi An Vietnam has not been weathered but only cracked a very small part, still keeping the meticulous and delicate motifs. The main temples here worship a Linga or an image of the god Siva, along with the king Bhadresvara. In addition to lớn the Champa style carved statues of female dancers, there are many other typical artifacts found, with images of gods, of worshiping animals as well as of community activities.

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The Apsara dance inspired by sandstone statues is one of the most interesting things lớn see. This art is currently used to lớn perform in Hoi An tourism. If you come in July, you also have the opportunity lớn immerse yourself in the atmosphere of Kate festival, with rituals to pray for peace, procession, & many unique cultural performances. Coming here on the nights of the full moon, you can fully feel the shimmering & deep beauty, as well as immerse yourself in the cold, quiet atmosphere of the surrounding mountains.