Academia.edu Là Gì

     

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Go Back to the Impact Challenge Table of ContentsWe’ll be honest – we thought long & hard about including this chapter và its activities in the OU Impact Challenge. Academia.edu & ResearchGate both seem attractive to scholars, but they also have their tóm tắt of disadvantages và downsides.Ultimately, we decided khổng lồ include this information, because so many of you at OU have accounts on these two sites. A quick tìm kiếm turns up 3,849 OU-affiliated users on Academia.edu and 4,731 on ResearchGate! But instead of diving right into the “how tos,” we think it’s especially important lớn place these two sites into context & preface them with important considerations.

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Consideration #1: You Are Not the Customer

Similar to many of the other academic social networks we cover in the OU Impact Challenge, you are not the customer when you interact with these companies, even though you may feel like one. Instead, you are the product that these services seek to monetize and/or “offer up” khổng lồ advertisers. We don’t fault businesses for making money; that is the imperative for them lớn exist. But we also see Academia.edu and ResearchGate as an extension of those who monetize what many scholars believe should be freely shared.Importantly, if these companies are bought, sold, or go out of business, what would happen to the nội dung you’ve placed there? This is one reason why it is advisable lớn first upload items you want to chia sẻ – articles, preprints, postprints, conference posters, proceedings, slide decks, lesson plans, etc. – lớn SHAREOK (which we’ll be covering in Chapter 12 of the OU Impact Challenge). Librarians maintain an OU Faculty/Staff Collection & a Graduate Student Collection in SHAREOK where you can deposit your work. The items in SHAREOK are indexed by Google & Google Scholar, so they are searchable, findable, và downloadable by researchers around the world. OU librarians maintain the platform, the content, và the links. Most importantly, maintaining & preserving nội dung is one of the chip core missions of the OU Libraries. We aren’t going out of business, so your nội dung on SHAREOK won’t go away either.


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Consideration #2: You Might Be Breaking the Law

Consideration #3: Understand the Privacy Implications

Finally, some of these sites’ tactics are troubling from the standpoint of privacy and intellectual freedom. Personally & professionally, many find it distressing that a private company, which doesn’t adhere to the same professional ethics as librarians & other scholars do, collects information about who is reading what. Academia.edu, in particular, then offers to chia sẻ that information with you if you subscribe to lớn their “premium service.” & while their analytics dashboard doesn’t reveal readers’ names, it may provide enough information for you khổng lồ know exactly who read your work.You may decide not lớn pay for Academia.edu’s premium service, but even so – what you view and tải về will still be tracked. This may not be troubling to you (the “I’m not doing anything wrong, so I don’t care” argument), but we think it sets a bad precedent. What about tracking researchers who study terrorism? Or whistleblowing? Or even climate change? How might people at these academic social media companies create profiles and make judgments about you based on what you are reading? and what will they bởi vì with the information they collect, especially if asked for it by government entities?We’ve posted some additional reading và resources below. & we will continue to cover some of these topics in the future, since they are highly relevant lớn sharing scholarly work. If you’re still interested in Academia.edu and/or ResearchGate after reading these articles, we’ve gone ahead and included those activities further down below. We’ve purposefully kept these activities brief, at least for now. 

Make Profiles on Academia.edu & ResearchGate

You know all those things you wish your CV was smart enough to bởi vì – embed your papers, automatically give you readership statistics, và so on? Academia.edu và ResearchGate are two academic social networks that allow you to vị these things và then some.They’re also places where your some of your colleagues are spending their time. Actively participating on one or both networks may give you an opportunity to have greater reach with other researchers. Và getting your publications and presentations onto these sites legally will make it easier for others khổng lồ encounter your work. They vị this not only through the social network they help you build, but also by improving the search engine optimization (SEO) of your research, making you much more “Googleable.”Both platforms allow you to do the following: Create a profile that summarizes your researchUpload your publications, so others can find themFind & follow other researchers, so you can receive automatic updates on their new publicationsFind và read others’ publicationsSee platform-specific metrics that indicate the readership & reach you have on those sitesLet’s dig into the basics of setting up profiles & uploading your work on these sites.

Getting Started on Academia.edu

Logon khổng lồ Academia.edu. If you’re a firm believer in keeping your professional online presence separate from your personal one, you’ll likely want to lớn sign up using your OU email address. Otherwise, you can sign up using your Facebook or Google profile. From here, you’ll be directed through the basic signup process.


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If you can post your article (or your preprint or postprint), upload it lớn Academia.edu by clicking the green “Upload” button near the đứng đầu of the window & navigating to the publication you want lớn upload.Once it’s uploaded, hit the big xanh “Continue” button, và you’ll be asked if you’re uploading a published or unpublished work. The title of your publication will then be automatically extracted. Make any corrections necessary to the title, and add co-authors và an abstract. Cảnh báo that if your co-authors aren’t already on Academia.edu, the only way to showroom them is khổng lồ provide their thư điện tử address & Academia.edu will send them an invitation to join the site. Showroom “research interests,” which are từ khoá that will help others find your publication. Select the type of publication from the drop down menu, và then click “Save và Finish.” From there you’ll be taken to a full-page ad asking if you’d like to upgrade to lớn the Premium version of Academia.edu.


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Fill Out Your Profile

Connect With Others

Now let’s connect with your colleagues who are already on Academia.edu. You can either connect your Facebook trương mục or an email account lớn Academia.edu, which will tìm kiếm your contacts and suggest connections.You now have an Academia.edu profile! You can continue to spruce it up by adding more publications, as well as adding a photo of yourself, other research interests và publications, & connecting your Academia profile to lớn the other services we’ve covered lượt thích ORCiD, GoogleScholar, Twitter, và LinkedIn. See how this might be coming together?!?

Academia.edu Homework

Now that you have a profile, mix aside half an hour to lớn explore two uses of Academia.edu: Exploring “research interests” in order to discover other researchers and publications; andGetting more of your most important publications online; andResearch interests: On your profile page, only your first research interest is visible (followed by a number in parenthesis, which represents how many additional research interests you have). Hover your mouse over your research interest to lớn make the others appear, & then click on one of them. You will be taken khổng lồ a page with uploaded papers tagged with the same research interest.Towards the top of the page, notice you’re on the “Papers” view. There’s also a “People” view that will take you lớn the profiles of scholars with similar interests. For the search results that appear, take some time to explore the profiles và papers of others who share your interest(s) & follow anyone that looks interesting.We’re willing lớn bet you’ll find scholars & papers that you weren’t aware of before. You can also use the Academia.edu tìm kiếm to look for research interests outside of the ones you’ve got listed in your profile & explore those tìm kiếm results too.

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Make a Profile on ResearchGate

Next, we’ll help you with the other major player in the scholarly social network space, ResearchGate. ResearchGate claims 15 million users, và it will help you connect with many researchers who aren’t on Academia.edu. It can also help you understand your readers through platform-specific metrics, & confirm your status as a helpful expert in your field with their “Q&A” feature.Given ResearchGate’s similarity to Academia.edu, we won’t rehash the basics of setting up a profile & getting your publications online. Go ahead và sign up, mix up your account (remember to địa chỉ cửa hàng detailed affiliation information và a photo), and địa chỉ a publication or two.Got your basic profile up and running? Great! Let’s drill down into those three quality features of ResearchGate.

Find other researchers và publications

Finding other researchers and publications on ResearchGate works a bit differently than on Academia.edu. ResearchGate automatically suggests research interests & connections for you based on who you’ve cited, who you follow & what discipline you selected when setting up your profile.Therefore, key khổng lồ creating a robust network is uploading papers with citations lớn be text-mined and searching for & following other researchers in your field. Until you’ve done this, ResearchGate can be a bit of a struggle khổng lồ use effectively.Searching for other researchers in your field is easy: use the tìm kiếm bar at the đứng top of the screen and type in your colleague’s name. Click on your colleague’s name in the search results khổng lồ be taken to lớn their profile, where you can explore their publications, co-authors, & so on, và also follow them khổng lồ receive updates & suggestions for similar scholars. Here we’ve searched for & found Carl Dahlman:

ResearchGate also text-mines the publications you’ve uploaded to lớn find out who you’ve cited. Using that information, they địa chỉ cửa hàng both researchers you’ve cited and those who have cited you to your network. Your network also includes colleagues from your department và institution. You can view and interact with your network down the right side of your profile page where you’ll see them broken up into: FollowingFollowersCited ByCitesTop co-authorsAgain, you must actively follow others và upload your work in order for your network to lớn appear in this way. 

Click on the xanh “Follow” lớn follow a scholar whose work you already know. Or click on the author’s name khổng lồ be taken to their profile. On the author’s profile you can explore their publications, and if you find an interesting one just click the paper title khổng lồ read the paper. This makes adding new colleague to your network a snap và finding new papers a breeze!

ResearchGate Score và Stats

If you’re into metrics, the ResearchGate score & stats offer lots to lớn explore. The ResearchGate score is an indicator of your engagement on the site: the more publications & followers you have, plus the more questions you ask & answer, all địa chỉ cửa hàng up to your score. We’ll use Carl Dahlman’s profile as an example again:

ResearchGate also helpfully provides a percentile (seen above on the right-hand side), so you know how a score stacks up against other users on the site. The score isn’t normalized by field, though, so beware that using the score lớn compare yourself to others isn’t recommended.Some other downsides lớn be aware of: ResearchGate scores don’t take into trương mục whether you’re first tác giả on a paper, they weigh site participation much more highly than other (more important) indicators of your scientific prowess, and don’t reflect the reality of who’s a high-impact scientist in many fields. So, caveat emptor.All that said, ResearchGate scores are fun to lớn play around with & explore. Just be sure not khổng lồ take them too seriously.The ResearchGate stats (viewable only on your own profile page when you are logged in) are also illuminating: they tell you how often your publications have been viewed và cited on ResearchGate (recently & over time), what your đứng đầu publications are, and the popularity of your profile và any questions you may have asked on the site’s Q&A section.A similar caveat: lượt thích Academia.edu stats, ResearchGate stats are only for content hosted on ResearchGate, so it can’t tell you much about readership or citations of your work that’s hosted on other platforms. Và since it’s likely that your entire field isn’t active on ResearchGate that means ResearchGate stats aren’t representative of your full impact.

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Limitations

We’ve covered many of the limitations of Academia.edu and ResearchGate in the first section of this chapter. But there is yet another one. It has been pointed out that Academia.edu & ResearchGate are information silos – you put information & effort into the site, but you can’t easily extract and reuse it later. This is absolutely correct. That’s a big downside of these services và a great reason to lớn make sure you’ve claimed your ORCiD in Chapter 1.One solution to lớn this drawback (and the ones mentioned above) is lớn limit the amount of time you spend adding new nội dung to your profiles on these sites, & instead use them as a kind of “landing page” that can simply help others find you và three or four of your most important publications. Even if you don’t have all your publications on either site, their social networking features may still be useful lớn make connections and increase readership for your most important work.

ResearchGate Homework

Set up your ResearchGate profile and showroom at least three publications you think deserve attention. Next, search for at least five colleagues or well-known scholars in your field and follow each of them. Once you’ve established a network, take 10 minutes lớn explore them and their publications.Next, try out a broader search in ResearchGate by searching for a key word in your discipline. Below, we searched for “ocean acoustic environment” và found researchers, publications, projects, questions, & more: